Where Do NYC’s Teachers and Principals Live Compared With Where They Work?

Teachers

  • 67% of the 70,328 teachers live within the five boroughs
  • Teachers in Queens and the Bronx are the most likely to live outside the five boroughs
  • 81% of Staten Island teachers live in the same borough as they work, as do 57% of Brooklyn teachers

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  • 66% of the 1,570 principals live within the five boroughs
  • Principals in the Bronx and Queens are the most likely to live outside the five boroughs
  • 69% of Staten Island principals live in the same borough as they work, as do 45% of Brooklyn principals

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New York City By The Numbers

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Do Courtroom Delays in the Bronx Come at a Cost to the City?

Suspects arrested on criminal charges who cannot make bail or are denied bail are detained in city jails while their cases are being decided. If the arrestee is convicted and sentenced to time in state prison, the period of time already spent in city jails is deducted from their sentence. Time spent in city jails comes at the city’s expense, time in state prison at the state’s expense. Therefore, the longer it takes to convict, the more it costs the city in detention spending that would otherwise be paid by the state.

The average time in city jails credited to inmates newly sentenced to state prisons from Bronx courtrooms grew to 15.7 months in 2012, about six months more than the average in the remainder of the city. If the average in the Bronx had been the same as that in the rest of the city, New York City would have saved about $14 million last year on jail expenditures.

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New York City By The Numbers

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Will More Youth Get Jobs in the City’s Summer Jobs Program This Year Than in Recent Summers?

The demand for summer youth jobs has always exceeded the number of jobs provided by the city, and over each of the past three summers more than 100,000 youth who applied for the program were turned away. Budget pressures at the state and city level have played a role, as well as increases in the minimum wage and programmatic changes. For 2013, some additional federal money along with new private funds has increased the number of slots available, which is likely to translate into an increase in enrollment.

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What Type and Size of Buildings Are Receiving 421-a Property Tax Exemptions in 2013?

New York State real property tax law establishes the 421-a property tax exemption for the construction of new multifamily housing in the city. The length of the exemption is 10, 15, 20, or 25 years, which is determined by the location of the new development and whether it includes the construction of affordable housing.

The 421-a exemption is New York City’s most expensive real estate tax break. In 2013, there are 150,000 units of housing receiving 421-a tax exemptions that cost the city $1.1 billion in forgone tax revenue.

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New York City By The Numbers IBO Homepage

Will New York City Hospitals That Treat Many Low-Income Patients Face The Heaviest Penalties Under New Federal Reimbursement Policies?

Two new federal policies tying Medicare reimbursements to quality of care took effect in October 2012. Hospitals are now penalized for excess readmissions. An additional penalty or bonus can be awarded, based on adherence to clinical standards and ratings on patient surveys.

Hospitals that serve the city’s poor−public hospitals and private safety-net hospitals−generally face heavier penalties than other hospitals. Penalties for 8 out of 12 public hospitals and 4 out of 6 safety-net hospitals exceed the citywide average of 0.97 percent of reimbursements.

Medicare accounts for $777 million of expected inpatient revenues in 2013 at Health & Hospitals Corporation facilities, about 30 percent of all anticipated inpatient revenues, ranging from $21 million at North Central Bronx Hospital to $112 million at Bellevue.

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SOURCES: United Hospital Fund; U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
NOTES: Some hospitals have more than one campus, but penalties/bonuses are systemwide. Private safety-net hospitals, as defined by the United Hospital Fund (UHF), are those where Medicaid and uninsured patients comprised more than 50 percent of admissions, other than births, in 2008.

Prepared by Christina Fiorentini
New York City Independent Budget Office

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New York City By The Numbers IBO Homepage

How Much is NYC Paying to Make Housing Repairs That Should be Done by Landlords?

The city has two repair programs that step in when residential landlords fail to maintain their buildings:

Emergency Repair Program. If a landlord fails to correct the most serious housing code violations, the city may make the repairs (or contract out the work) and bill the owner for the cost of the repair and administrative fees.

Alternative Enforcement Program. Each year the city selects the 200 most distressed residential buildings for participation. If the owner fails to make repairs, the city may do so and bill the owner accordingly. For more information see IBO’s fiscal brief on alternative enforcement.

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New York City By The Numbers IBO Homepage

What Program Is the Largest Source of Income Support Grants for Low-Income New York City Residents?

Over the last decade, the number of city residents receiving food stamps has more than doubled, while public assistance recipients have decreased and the number of blind and disabled New Yorkers receiving Supplemental Security Income benefits has remained flat.

In fiscal year 2012 city residents received $3.4 billion in food stamp benefits, compared with $2.9 billion from Supplemental Security Income and $1.4 billion from public assistance.

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SOURCES: New York City Human Resources Administration; New York State Office of Temporary and Disability Assistance
NOTE: Public assistance and Supplemental Security Income recipients may also receive food stamps.

Prepared by Paul Lopatto
New York City Independent Budget Office

New York City By The Numbers IBO Homepage

New York City Independent Budget Office